Urgent action needed to save children’s lives says UNICEF as failures of early-harvest crops of wheat and barley loom
A serious drought in North Korea requires urgent action to prevent the deaths of children already weakened by widespread malnutrition, the United Nations children’s fund, UNICEF, warned on Thursday.
“The situation is urgent,” said UNICEF east Asia regional director Daniel Toole in a statement. “But if we act now – by providing urgently needed expertise and prepositioning supplies – we can save lives
“If we delay until we are certain of crop failures, it may well be too late to save the most vulnerable children.”
North Korea is suffering what its official media described last month as the worst drought in 100 years that has severely affected the main rice-growing areas.
According to the UN World Food Program, early-harvest crops, mainly wheat and barley, have already been affected.
UNICEF said its personnel had recently met with local health officials in affected provinces who confirmed reports of significant increases in diarrhoea among children.
“Lack of rain reduces access to clean water and undermines effective hygiene, putting children’s lives at risk,” Toole said.
Concern about the impact of the drought is heightened by the existing poor nutritional status of many children in North Korea.
A 2012 study showed one-quarter of all North Korean children had symptoms of chronic malnutrition – a condition usually caused by a combination of unsafe water and poor sanitation, inadequate food intake and inadequate access to health services.
Toole said responding to the drought crisis was difficult given North Korea’s isolation and the lack of funding for child-focused programs in the country.
But UNICEF has released prepositioned emergency supplies to help those in the worst-affected provinces, including water purification tablets, water storage containers and health supplies for children with acute malnutrition.